Wikia

Athlepedia, The Athletics Wiki

Speed

Talk0
818pages on
this wiki
Speed:
  The ratio of the distance traveled by an object to the time required to travel that distance.
.

About

Speed is, in essence, the ratio of the distance traveled by an object (regardless of its direction) to the time required to travel that distance. [1] Speed is a component of motor fitness, mostly reserved for athletics, however it should be integrated into every general conditioning program.

A subcategory of speed is quickness, which is the ability of the central nervous system to contract, relax or control muscle function without involvement of any preliminary stretch. Quickness is measured as the time interval or reaction time between voluntary stimulation and the initiation of movement. This time should be distinguished from absolute movement speed, which is the interval from the beginning to the end of movement.[2]

Speed TrainingEdit

The quickest way to increase linear speed is through short sprints with full recovery (5-50m for team sport athletes) and improving technique.[3] Weight training (via improving relative body strength i.e. strength/bodyweight) will help improve speed, however, without sprinting it will not have much of an impact on increasing speed.[3] For the untrained athlete the quickest way to increase linear speed (as well as agility) is through improvements in body composition (i.e. losing fat if overweight or increasing muscle mass if underweight) and GPP (general physical preparation i.e. boosting general fitness and relative body strength). Max effort sprinting and agility training is not required until the untrained athlete has reached a suitable body composition and level of GPP, thus GPP is needed to build a strong foundation from which to increase more specific components of fitness, such as speed or agility.[3]

Featured Icon...

StevePrefontaine

Steve Prefontaine

Steve "Pre" Prefontaine (January 25, 1951 – May 30, 1975) was an American long distance runner who once held the American record in every event over a mile: 2000m, 3000m, 2-mile, 3-mile, 10000m, and 6-mile[4]. He is considered to be among the greatest and most inspirational runners ever to have lived. All of his fans were known as “Pre’s People”, and would chant, “Pre! Pre! Pre!” over and over at competitions[5]. Prefontaine had one leg longer than the other. He is also known for his extremely aggressive "front-running" racing style and for always believing in giving everything he had to win. Prefontaine's life was brought to a tragic end from a car crash at the age of 24. His three-mile and six-mile records are still standing today.[6].

Featured Article

A subcategory of speed is quickness, which is the ability of the central nervous system to contract, relax or control muscle function without involvement of any preliminary stretch. Quickness is measured as the time interval or reaction time between voluntary stimulation and the initiation of movement. This time should be distinguished from absolute movement speed, which is the interval from the beginning to the end of movement.[7]

Featured Resource

Template:Featured Speed Resource

External Links Edit

References Edit

  1. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary.. speed (n.d.). Dictionary.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-11.
  2. Baggett, Kelly (n.d.). Quickness and Absolute Speed vs Sports Speed and Explosiveness. Higher-Faster-Sports.com. Retrieved on 2008-08-03.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ravadongon (n.d.). Increasing Speed & Agility. Bodybuilding.com. Retrieved on 2008-10-06.
  4. Adam from Fredericksburg. Steve Who. Retrieved on 2008-03-03.
  5. www.stevepre.com. The My Hero Project-Steve Prefontaine. Retrieved on 2008-03-03.
  6. Steve Prefontaine. www.distancerunning.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-03.
  7. Baggett, Kelly (n.d.). Quickness and Absolute Speed vs Sports Speed and Explosiveness. Higher-Faster-Sports.com. Retrieved on 2008-08-03.

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki